Extraction, or tooth removal, is done to remove teeth that are non- restorable. Teeth are considered non restorable for reasons such as: decay (cavities), fractures from trauma, or teeth that have severe loss of their supporting bone due to gum disease. Sometimes extraction is needed to make room for orthodontic treatment (braces), or to remove wisdom teeth are removed when there is not enough room in the jaw for them to come in and function properly.
Extractions are done surgically or non-surgically depending on the condition of the tooth.
Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthetic, and require only the use of instruments to elevate and/or grasp the visible portion of the tooth.
Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth (or parts of teeth) that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully.
Following tooth removal, a blood clot forms in the socket, usually within an hour. Bleeding is common in this first hour, but its likelihood decreases quickly as time passes and bleeding has usually stopped after 24 hours. The open wound overlying the dental socket takes about 1 week for initial healing. Thereafter, the socket will gradually fill in with soft gum tissue over a period of about one to two months. Final closure of the socket with bony remodeling can take six months or more. We have found taking 3000 to 5,000mg of Vitamin C each day for 2 weeks after an extraction is very beneficial in aiding the healing process.
Please feel free to call our office if you have complications other than what the doctor has told you to expect.